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Copyright © 1990 by Wayne State University Press, Detroit, Michigan 48202. Any missed permissions resulted from a lack of information about the material,copyright holder, or both.
All material in this work, except as identified below, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 3.0 United States License. If you are a copyright holder of such material, pleasecontact WSUP at [email protected] / wsupress.wayne.edu/7Contents Acknowledgments 11Introduction 13The )ewish Immigration Flow to Argentina 19Argentina's Immigration Policy 19Argentina As a New Home for lews 25The Wave from Eastern Europe 27The First Sephardim from Morocco 34Sephardim from the Ottoman Empire 36Patterns of Settlement in Buenos Aires 38The lews in the Economy 39lew and Gentile in Argentina 46Anti-iewish Sentiments before 1905 48Rise of Nationalism and Its Effects upon thelews 53La Semana Tragica 61lews and the Socialists 67Aftermath of La Semana Tragica 71The Late 1920s 73Religious Institutions and Observances 76First Priority: The Cemetery 78Religious Observances 82The Rabbis 86Decreasing Influence of the Synagogue 998Contents Mixed Marriages102National and Political Challenges 110The Beginnings of the Zionist Parties 110The Jewish Legion 120Zionists during La Semana Tragica 123Zionism among Sephardim 125Political and Practical Work of Zionists 131The Leftist Parties 139Concern for Jewish Education The Religious Schools 149Secular lewish Schools 156147Jewish Cultural Expressions in an Acculturating Community 161Rabbinic Culture 162Hebrew Culture 163Yiddish Culture 165The Yiddish Theater 171The First Native Generation—lewish Culture in Spanish 174• Spirit of Solidarity: The Fight against Poverty and Evil 184Relief Work for lews in the Old World 184Protection of Immigrants and Mutual Help 187The Jewish Community Fights White Slavery197198200202Buenos Aires Attains a Reputation The lews in International Trafficlewish Traffickers in Buenos Aires9Contents Fighting the White Slave Trade 206Conclusion 218A Kehilla in the Making: Centralization and Rivalries11 â€¢ Conclusion: The lewish Panorama in 1930Abbreviations Til Notes 239Bibliography 283Index 293221232Acknowledgments This book was envisioned quite some time agowhen researching the sources dealing with the early period of lewish life in Argentina.
Some Moroccan and East European lewshad arrived in Buenos Aires during the 1880s and joined CIRA. In fact, the whole lewish population in the countrywas estimated at 1,500 souls in 1888.
1Though assimilated, the lews grouped around CIRA maintained sometype of lewish identity.
Permission must be obtained from the copyright owner to use this material. ISBN 978-0-8143-4457-6 (paperback); 978-0-8143-4456-9 (ebook)1. I am grateful to all the lewish institutions in Buenos Aires mentionedthroughout the work for opening their archives to me.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Mirelman, Victor A. Due to the extent oftheir contents, the archives of the Chevra Keduscha Aschkenasi—today thelewish Community of Buenos Aires—and the Congregacion Israelita, provedto be invaluable.
A philanthropic committee was formed in 1881 with the purpose ofraising funds for their persecuted coreligionists in Russia.In 1897 it inaugurated its temple in Libertad Street, facing Plaza Lavalle, a central location in the city of Buenos Aires.At the beginning of the1890s most members of CIRA were lews born in Western and Central Europe—France, Germany, England, and Italy.He led religious services, officiated at weddings andother specifically religious rituals, and was always prompt to defend the interests of the lewish immigrants.2A turning point in Argentine lewry was effected when the Weser anchoredin the port of Buenos Aires in August 1889, bringing 824 lewish souls from Eastern Europe.